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National Air Pollution Surveillance Program NAPS National Air Pollution Surveillance Program (NAPS)The goal of the National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) program is to provide accurate and long term air quality data of a uniform standard across Canada.
NAPS was established in 1969 to monitor and assess the quality of ambient (outdoor) louis vuitton agenda uk air in the populated regions of Canada. NAPS is managed using a cooperative agreement among the provinces, air jordan louis vuitton shoes territories and some municipal governments. In 1969, eight provinces Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia joined the program. In the first annual data report 36 monitoring sites reported to the Canada wide database. louis vuitton digit bracelet review Today there are 286 sites in 203 communities located in every province and territory. Measuring air pollutantsNAPS produced its first annual summary in 1972, reporting on measurements of sulphur dioxide and particulate matter. Today sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, fine particulate matter and carbon monoxide are continuously monitored. These measurements are used by the provinces to report the Air Quality Index (AQI) and by to report the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI). Technological advancesThe methods used by NAPS to measure air quality have evolved over the years. Additional measurements of a variety of new substances were initiated in the 1980s. Air samples for the additional substances are collected at regular frequencies by NAPS for later analysis at chemistry labs in Ottawa. Various techniques are used to analyze these samples for more than 340 types of chemicals at typical urban NAPS sites. For example, air collected in canisters is analyzed for more than 167 volatile organic compounds that contribute to smog formation. These compounds, such as benzene, louis vuitton shoes moccasins are released into the air by motor vehicles, industrial processes and fuel handling operations. Filter media and foam plugs are used to collect air samples that are analyzed for chemical contaminants that are harmful to human health and the environment. Providing essential dataNAPS plays an important role in the monitoring and assessment of Canadian ambient air. Air quality trendsWith a continuous dataset from the 1970s to today, NAPS data can be used to assess air quality trends to see if air quality is improving or deteriorating. The data are also interpreted to determine the effectiveness of regulations designed to reduce air pollution. Air quality impactsNAPS collects air quality data to share with researchers, regulators and policy makers in order to assess the impacts of air quality on health and the environment. For example, municipal planners use the data for environmental assessment studies.
Researchers at Health Canada and universities also use the data to study the impacts of air quality on human health. Air quality strategies and programsThe information gathered by NAPS supports strategies to reduce air emissions and manage air quality, such as the Canada wide Standards for Particulate Matter and Ozone, and the. The data provided by NAPS also support public information tools, such as the AQHI and the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators.
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